What is Carbon Steel, And What Are its Types?Carbon steel is an alloy composed primarily of iron and carbon with a number of other elements. The main role of carbon in steel is to increase its yield strength, tensile strength, and hardness. Due to their excellent mechanical properties, we find carbon steel is used in almost every industrial and home application in some shape or form. There are three types of carbon steel used in bearings:
- High-Carbon Steel is the strongest and most durable option, making it ideal for heavy-duty applications. As the name suggests, the percentage of carbon in this type of steel is the highest – over 0.6%.
- Low-Carbon Steel is softer and easier to work with, making it a good choice for less demanding applications. With less than 0.30% carbon, this steel comes with minimal carbon content.
- Medium-Carbon Steel strikes a balance between the two, offering good strength and durability while being easier to work with than high-carbon steel. Th1`is specific alloy uses anywhere from 0.30% to 0.60% of carbon as one of its integral materials.