Do you know what “bearings,” a mechanical component, actually do? They are so essential to the machine sector that they have been dubbed the sector’s “bread and butter.” They are employed in a wide variety of machines. Still, because they operate in secrecy, most individuals not engaged in the machine sector probably have no idea what they mean when they hear the name.Bearings come in a wide range of shapes and sizes and are an essential tribological part of many different types of machinery. In a system that may be under static or dynamic loading, they can be described as a machine element that supports/permits only a particular form of motion (limitation of degrees of freedom).
What are bearings?
Bearings are “components that aid in the rotation of objects.” Inside the equipment, they support the shaft that revolves.Automobiles, aircraft, power generators, and other devices need bearings. Even common household items like refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, and air conditioners we use daily contain them.The rotating shafts of the wheels, gears, turbines, rotors, etc., in those devices, are supported by bearings, enabling smoother rotation. Although bearings in industrial applications may appear straightforward mechanical components initially, they are essential to our survival.
Purpose of bearings
Bearings primarily avoid direct metal-to-metal contact between two elements in relative motion. By doing this, friction, heat production, and, ultimately, part wear and tear are avoided. As low-friction rolling takes the place of sliding motion, it also lowers energy consumption.Additionally, they transfer the rotating element’s load to the housing. This load could be either radial, axial, or both. A bearing, as previously mentioned, limits the freedom of motion of moving parts in specific directions.
Different types of bearings
There are various types of bearings, each used for a particular function and designed to support a specific type of load, like ball bearings, Ball bearingsA ball bearing is a specific kind of rolling-element bearing that uses balls to keep the bearings’ inner and outer moving components apart. A ball bearing’s main functions are to support radial and axial loads and lessen rotational friction. Ball bearings in industrial applications have a straightforward design, are reliable, and are simple to maintain. They come in open and sealed varieties and single and multiple-row styles. They are appropriate for high speeds since they have low frictional torque.Ball bearings connect the shaft to the motor housing, for instance, in electrical motors when the shaft is free to rotate but the motor housing is not. They are further divided into
Deep groove ball bearings
Angular contact ball bearings
Thrust ball bearings
Self-aligning ball bearings
Applications of the ball bearings:
Household items: Bicycles, Washing machines, Hair dryers, Fishing rods, DVD players, and Food processors.Office equipment: Fax machines, hard drives, fans, etc. Industries: Elevators, assembly lines, Chain saws, power pumps, toy manufacturing, etc.Automotives: Engines, steerings, electric motors, gearboxes, etc.
Advantages of ball bearings:
Do not require much lubrication.
Long service life.
Can handle thrust hold.
Good wear resistance.
Can break easily due to shock
Can be loud
Fail to handle heavyweight
Cylinder roller bearingThe outer ring, inner ring, and cylindrical roller bearing roller all have a straight geometry. The cage may be made of brass, steel, or polyamide. You can separate the outer and inner rings. As the roller makes line contact with the raceway, these bearings can support significant radial loads. The bearings come in a variety of styles and dimensions.Cylinder roller bearings are of different types:
Thrust cylindrical roller
Application of cylinder roller bearings:Mining, petroleum production, rubber mixing equipment, electric motors, rolling machines, etc.Advantages of cylindrical roller bearings:
They offer excellent stiffness
These bearings can face challenges of heavy radials and high speed.
It comes in split and sealed variants
Long service duration
Not suitable for thrust loads
When the inner or outer rings have two ribs, cylindrical roller bearings can withstand some axial load in one direction.
Double-row cylindrical roller bearings are utilized largely in precision machine tools and have high radial stiffness.
Taper roller bearings
In general, taper roller bearings application can be mounted independently from the cup because the cone assembly, which consists of the inner ring with roller and cage, is removable (outer ring). Mounting is made simpler by being detachable. The appropriate rolling motion of the roller on the track surfaces of the cone and cup is ensured by the projection lines of all the taper surfaces (Cup, Cone, and Roller) meeting at a single point on the bearing axis, known as the apex point. Single and double-row taper roller bearing applications in inch and metric series are produced by NBC.Taper roll bearing is further divided into
Tapered roll thrust
Application of taper roll bearings:Agriculture, construction & mining industries, sports robot combat, propeller shaft, engine motors and reducers, wind turbines, etc.Advantages of taper roll bearings:
Long service life
Rigid bearing applications
Separable and interchangeable
Enhanced operational reliability
Not suitable for high engine speed.
Increase heat due to large contact surfaces.
Spherical roller bearingsSelf-aligning spherical roller bearings in industrial appliocations are designed for high radial loads. They automatically make up for significant angular faults (shaft misalignments). They typically have a two-row arrangement, with shared spherical raceways in the outer ring between both rows of rollers.Spherical roller bearings are divided into
Needle roller bearingsTypically, needle rollers and cages make up needle roller bearings. To facilitate flawless rolling action, several needle rollers are put between two hardened, smooth surfaces, and a cage prevents the needle rollers from touching one another. Needle roller bearings have relatively tiny roll bearing application diameters and great length-to-diameter ratios, which increases load-carrying capacity and makes them perfect for oscillation motion.Further divided into
Needle roller and cage assembly
Shell-type needle roller bearings
Machined ring needle roller bearings
Thrust needle roller bearing
Application: rocker arm pivot, pumps, gearboxes, two or more stroke engines, etc.Advantages:
Convenient at high and low temperatures
International standards and specifications are uniform.
Easy to get interchangeable products
We don’t frequently see these products immediately in our daily lives, such as machines that produce energy, materials, or machining equipment.However, as we’ve mentioned in this blog, a lot of bearings in industrial applications.These bearing applications help our daily life in addition to the force and rotation.Additionally, the functionality required of bearings is growing, and bearings suitable for many applications are in high demand. NBC, the leading bearing manufacturer, is acknowledged for its excellent quality and delivery.